Driving an electric vehicle is one of the best things you can do for the…
Are you thinking of buying an electric vehicle (EV)? We’ve pulled together the answers to the most frequently asked questions about the complexity of this new technology and EV charging in West Palm Beach.
What You Should Know About EVs and EV Charging
How Long Have EVs Been Around?
The predecessors of EV miracles such as the Porsche Taycan and the Tesla Model S were electric-powered automotive experiments conducted more than a century ago. Around 1832, a Scottish inventor named Robert Anderson developed the first crude electric vehicle powered by non-rechargeable primary power cells.
However, it wasn’t until 1889 when a chemist from Des Moines, Iowa, sparked the people’s interest in electric vehicles when he successfully created the first electrified wagon. By 1899, electric cars gained popularity among urban residents because they were cleaner, quieter, and easier to drive than gas- and steam-powered automobiles.
The competition between steam, gasoline, and electricity to power automobiles has existed since the very dawn of the horseless carriage. For this reason, the concept of electric vehicles isn’t exactly new.
What Are the Different Types of EVs?
EVs are classified based on how they use electricity as their energy source. The three main types of EVs include Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs).
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
The BEV’s only source of power is through a rechargeable battery. Since it’s fully electric, it eliminates the usual constraints of design flexibility and enhances the vehicle’s traditional weight distribution as auto manufacturers spread the battery across the floor.
Moreover, the BEV doesn’t have a conventional combustion engine that produces sounds while you’re driving. For this reason, you’ll hear nothing but the noise from the tires and wind resistance while you’re driving a BEV. However, before you decide to purchase a BEV, be sure to consider daily usage, charging options, and vehicle range.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
If you’re looking to take the first step in your electric journey, purchasing a PHEV makes sense because it provides you with the safety net of traditional engine support. Besides having a medium-sized electric battery that powers its engine, a PHEV vehicle also features a gasoline- or diesel-powered engine. In other words, it offers some of the benefits of a conventional vehicle along with the benefits of an EV.
The “plug-in” description indicates the need to plug the vehicle into the appropriate charging point to replenish its battery. The battery of a PHEV is smaller compared to the BEV battery.
Although the number of miles a PHEV travels can significantly vary by manufacturer or model, it generally travels between 10 to 50 miles via its electric engine. If fuel is available, the traditional combustion engine takes over and operates once the electric power is used up.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
An HEV features an electric battery that selectively powers the engine. Moreover, it typically uses its electric battery up to 20 mph before the combustion engine takes over. However, unlike the first two options, its battery recharges itself and doesn’t require an external power supply.
What Are the Benefits of Owning and Operating an EV?
Virtually every long-established automaker now either offers at least one EV or has more of them coming soon. Moreover, independent EV manufacturers spring up overnight to challenge existing carmakers. EVs have become viable competitors over conventional gasoline-powered vehicles due to the following benefits:
They’re cheaper to run.
EVs offer excellent value over the long term if you’re looking to find a cheaper and more efficient way to get around. Did you know that the cost of electricity to charge an EV is about 40% less than the cost to use gasoline for a vehicle of the same size that was driven the same distance? Charging your EV at a free charging station or from a solar PV system will lower the cost.
They’re less expensive and easy to maintain.
Since a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) has far fewer moving parts than conventional vehicles, servicing is relatively easy and less frequent. Moreover, most auto manufacturers warrant EV batteries to not become less efficient below a certain level for about eight years. As a result, the overall maintenance cost is cheaper than vehicles that run on petroleum gas and diesel.
They’re better for energy security.
BEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs generally achieve better fuel economy than conventional vehicles, thanks to the high efficiency of their electric-drive components. Using these energy-efficient vehicles helps with the country’s liquid-fuel energy security by reducing our dependence on imported oil. Moreover, EVs won’t be affected even if fuel supply gets disrupted or fuel costs significantly increase.
Driving an EV helps reduce toxic air pollution. Although it creates a degree of greenhouse emissions when you charge it from the electricity grid, it produces no exhaust emissions like conventional gasoline- and diesel-powered engines do. You’ll reduce your greenhouse gas emissions even further if you use a solar PV system to charge your EV during the day.
How Long Does It Take to Charge an EV’s Depleted Battery Pack?
The time it takes to charge an EV comes down to the power source and the charger capacity. If you think that all electrical outlets are created equal, think again. For instance, charging an EV’s large batteries off the standard 120-volt, 15-amp receptacle in a kitchen is like filling a 55-gallon barrel with a squirt gun.
For this reason, it’s best to install a Level 2 connection – 240 volts and 40 amp charging solution in your home. Although a charger with fewer amps can still be considered Level 2, you’ll likely maximize your EV’s onboard chargers with a 40-amp circuit. Plugging into a DC fast charger gives you the fastest charging possible because it’s like using a fire hose to fill up that same barrel.
Moreover, the charger capacity also determines the length of time to charge an EV. The battery charger in the EV is responsible for converting the AC electricity from the wall into DC to get the battery charged.
Onboard chargers come with their power ratings to trickle power into the battery pack. If your EV features a 10-kilowatt charger and a 100-kilowatt-hour battery pack, charging a fully depleted battery will take around 10 hours.
Learn More About EV Charging for Homes in West Palm Beach!
Installing a home EV charger eliminates the need to hunt down public chargers when your battery is low. At SuperGreen Solutions, we’re here to make the research, purchasing, and installation process of your residential EV charging station as seamless and stress-free as possible. Contact us today.
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